How Fleas Breed and Affect Your Dog’s Health

Fleas belong to the insect order Siphonaptera. They are common pests and may attack many mammals, including man. They can be a year round problem because they infest not only pets but also the home of the owner. Because of this, treatment of the pet alone may only temporarily solve a flea infestation.

Although many species of fleas feed primarily on one type of animal, the common cat and dog flea will readily take blood from a variety of animals, including man. Flea infestations of pets and their homes will most likely involve the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis and occasionally the dog flea, C. canis.

Fleas are small (2 to 4 mm in length), brownish to black insects which are characteristically flattened from side to side. Adults are wingless and capable of jumping relatively long distances. Adults feed exclusively on blood with their piercing-sucking mouthparts. When not actively feeding, adult fleas often hide in locations frequented by the host animal such as your dog bedding, sofas, or carpeted areas.

The common cat and dog fleas breed throughout the year. After feeding and mating, the female deposits her eggs, usually on the host. Several eggs are laid daily and up to several hundred over a lifetime. Eggs normally fall off the host into bedding material or similar areas and hatch within two weeks.

Flea eggs accumulate in areas where the host spends most of its time. In addition, adult fleas defecate small pellets of digested blood which also drop off into the environment. A flea comb will often gather this fecal matter at the base of the tines providing a good sign of flea infestation. The combination of white flea eggs and black dried blood specks may appear as a sprinkling of salt and pepper where an infested animal has slept.

Fleas undergo complete metamorphosis, that is, they pass through four developmental stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Immature fleas do not resemble adults at all.

Flea larvae are tiny, light colored, and, worm-like, without legs. They feed primarily on various debris and organic material including the droppings of the adults which contains digested blood. Flea larvae occur indoors and outdoors, wherever the eggs have fallen off the host. In houses, flea larvae live in carpeting, furniture, animal bedding and other protected areas with high humidity. Flea larvae also live outdoors in areas where animals spend time such as under porches in and around dog houses, etc.

Because flea larvae depend on the adult’s fecal pellets of dried blood as a food source, they cannot live in lawns or other outdoor areas unless the pet visits those areas enough to provide this food.

Depending on the species of flea and environmental conditions the larvae will pupate in one week to several months. The pupa is contained within a loose silken cocoon which is often covered by bits of debris. Under average conditions, the life cycle of the flea normally requires between 30 and 75 days but may take much longer. Adult fleas inside the cocoon, called pre-emerged fleas, will stay in that condition for weeks to months if no external cues from a host is available.

However, when disturbed by the presence of a host such as vibrations or carbon dioxide from exhaled breath, the fleas emerge simultaneously and attack the host. This is why it is possible to return to a house or apartment that has been empty for months and find it full of fleas.

When the normal host is available, fleas may feed several times a day but they are capable of surviving extended periods of starvation. In household situations, the normal host is a cat or dog. However, if the normal host is removed, starved fleas will readily seek other sources of blood and more often than not, man is the alternate host. In severe infestations, fleas will attack humans even though the normal host is present.

Certain species of fleas have been known to transmit such diseases as bubonic plague and murine typhus. These have never been a major problem. The major problems with fleas is as a nuisance pest of pets. The irritation and itching from flea bites results in scratching and potential secondary infection. Fleas may also transmit the double-pored dog tapeworm to dogs and cats.

Finally, persistent attacks from fleas can cause severe allergic responses in some people and pets. Once sensitized, a single flea bite may produce symptoms including hair loss, usually around the base of the tail, dermatitis, and intense itching. In worse cases, puppies and young kittens can also died from serious fleas infestations.

With proper flea management knowledge, flea problems will not be a big issue and can be battle and win over easily.

Good Cat Care Means A Happy Cat

Cat care is the most important part of keeping your cat healthy and happy. The more you know about cat care, the better you will be able to meet your feline’s physical and emotional needs. The stronger your cat’s health and the better your cat’s attitude are, the more you will be able to enjoy your cat’s unique personality. Good cat care will make your cat more affectionate, and can dramatically reduce any behavior problems that your cat may be displaying. If you want a richer and fuller relationship with your cat, try improving your cat care.

Having a cat is a two way street. The better the level of cat care that you can provide for your pet, the more energetic, affectionate, and well behaved it will be. By giving your pet with optimum cat care, you will make it more agreeable to the training and gentle behavior modification techniques that can take the headaches out of pet ownership. Good cat care often translates into a good cat that will take commands more willingly than a cat who does not receive enough attention, affection, and care. The more you learn about how to care for your cat, the better the level of health you will be able to bring your feline friend to. The healthier your cat is, the stronger the emotional bond between you and your pet will be, and that bond often serves as the core of obedience training.

By educating yourself about cat care and practicing the best, scientifically tested cat care techniques to provide your cat with optimum attention, you can make sure that your cat is as happy as possible. The happier your cat is, the happier it will be able to make you. A cat that is well cared for is a cat that will be interested in active playtime and in calm relaxation. The better your cat care abilities are, the more fully you will be able to sharing time with your cat doing all of you pet’s, and your, favorite activities together. Great cat care provides a strong foundation for your bond with your cat. Good cat care can help you grow closer with your beloved pet by making sure that he or she is always up for spending time with you. This is why cat care is an important part of your emotional relationship with your cat.

If your cat isn’t getting the right kind of care, from the best kind of diet to the ideal grooming schedule, your cat may develop behavior issues that can make your pet feel like a problem child. However, the positive side of this equation is that conscientious and responsible cat care can help your cat overcome issues ranging from constant mewling to weight issues to destructive tendencies. Good cat care means a happier pet, and even a problematic cat who receives enough of the right kind of care can become a pleasant companion.

The 5 Most Typical Diseases That Impact Senior Felines

Cats are incredibly stoic animals, typically making it hard to acknowledge the subtle signs of health problem till the disease has ended up being somewhat advanced.  Hence the treatment of cat diseases almost always includes a thorough workup and routine blood work.

The following are a few possible health conditions to look out for in cats aged 8 and above:

Persistent Kidney (Kidney) Disease

The kidneys are the body’s purification system, eliminating damaging waste items from the bloodstream and disposing of them through the urine. Senior felines are vulnerable to persistent renal insufficiency, suggesting that the kidneys are damaged and not efficiently removing toxic substances from the blood.

Kidney failure can be very agonising and cause weight loss, dehydration, vomiting, poor appetite, increased thirst and urination, water down urine, urinary accidents, and azotemia– the build-up of waste items in the blood.

Heart Disease

Illness of the heart is likewise common in aging cats. Among the most widespread conditions is cardiomyopathy, where the heart muscle tissue ends up being thick, stiff, and more prominent, ultimately ending up being less efficient at pumping blood. Degenerative valvular disease and other kinds of a heart problem are also identified in older felines. The result of any progressive cardiovascular illness is inevitable congestive heart failure.

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is being diagnosed at epidemic rates in people as well as our family pets. Obese felines with poor diet plans and inactive lifestyles are most at-risk for the uncontrolled blood glucose levels that are the trademark of the disease.

Managing the blood glucose needs day-to-day insulin injections and frequent tracking by your veterinarian to avoid a diabetic crisis. Diabetes is quite taxing on the heart, kidneys and pancreas, however, can be avoided by guaranteeing your cat keeps a healthy weight and eats a premium diet.

Arthritis

Numerous owners miss out on the signs of arthritis in cats or mistake them for “normal” aging modifications. Cats experiencing painful arthritis might sleep more, prevent jumping onto preferred perches, or perhaps become agitated when managed. Arthritis can and ought to be treated to maintain your kitty’s lifestyle.

Cancer

Many types of cancer can affect cats, and just like all types, the threat factors increase with age. The symptoms of cancer differ extensively depending upon the locations of the body affected.

Remember, nobody understands your cat much better than you do. If you see any swellings, bumps, indications of health problem or modifications in habits, find a vet in Brisbane for a thorough consultation.

Tips On Keeping Your Dog Healthy

The responsibility of a new pet is sometimes overwhelming. One of your new duties as a dog owner is to take care of your pet’s health. Here are two pointers for you to follow in taking care of your pet.

– The Veterinarian Is our Friend

Part of your duty as a dog owner is to know when to call for the vet. Don’t take a “wait and see” attitude when it comes to your pet’s health. Sometimes, that approach is fine but most often professional help is needed to treat your dog’s sickness. Depending on the dog’s condition, there are many ways a veterinarian may help.

There are several instances when it is essential that you call your veterinarian:

a) Always call your vet when your dog has been in an accident. If your regular veterinarian is not available, look for the closest emergency vet clinic.

b) Always call your vet when you suspect your dog has eaten something that may be poisonous or something inedible.

c) Call your vet immediately when your pet is in obvious distress.

d) Sudden weight gain or weight loss should be a warning sign for you to take your dog to the vet.

e) If your dog is coughing, vomiting or having seizure, call the vet immediately.

– An Ounce of Prevention Is Better Than A Pound Of Cure

Of course, going to the vet should be the last recourse. Preventing your dog from being hurt or getting sick is your primary responsibility.

Remember, that good food and exercise insures a long life for your pet. A balanced diet and a regimen of exercise helps prevent sickness and strengthens your pet. Monitor what your pets eat. Clean your dog’s cage regularly to get rid of any disease-causing bacteria. Check your dog’s water supply. Make sure it’s clean and healthy for your pet.

Keep your dog on a leash. Running in front of a car is not very good for your dog’s health and heaven knows where your pet may end up if you just let it wander around.

Give your dog a regular bath. Fleas and ticks can give your dog extreme discomfort and are often carriers of disease.

Of course, keeping your dog in tip-top shape goes beyond these pointers. It’s always advisable to ask a veterinarian for additional health tips and as your experience with your pet grows, you’ll think up of a couple more rules that are special to your beloved hound. Just remember that when your pet’s health is in question, it’s always better to be safe!